ē4, see e4.
ei, ai, locative particle. (The form ai is used when the preceding word ends in a, when, in traditional orthography it was often written as ‘i and suffixed to the preceding word. E.g. tuatua ai is written tuatua‘i in Bibilia Tapu). A particle which relates the verb preceding it to an adverbial (time, place, reason, cause, purpose, means) or nominal antecedent. The antecedent to which ei refers may have been placed ahead of the verbal particle of the ei-clause for emphasis; Or it may occur in (or comprise) a preceding clause to which the ei-clause is linked.
1. ‘Ei occurs in a main clause where the antecedent is
(a) an adverbial phrase fronted for emphasis (interrogatives are often topicalised in this way).
Ā te Varaire te pa‘ī e ‘akaruke ei,
it’s Friday that the ship leaves / Friday is when the ship leaves (cf. the unmarked word order
ka ‘akaruke te pa‘ī ā te Varaire,
the ship leaves on Friday);
Nō te matangi i kino ei te rākau,
it’s the wind that’s spoiled the tree;
Nō tōna vare‘ae i rutu ei ‘aia iāku
it was out of jealousy that he hit me;
I na‘ea kōrua i tuatua ai i tēnā manako?,
when did you two discuss that idea?;
‘Ei ‘ea tāua kaikai ei?,
where shall we have our meal?;
‘E a‘a te mea i tuaru ei koe iāia?,
what did you drive him away for?
(b) an adverbial clause:
iāku e tū ra, kite atu ei au i te pa‘ī,
as I was standing there, I caught sight of the ship;
(c) an adverbial conjunction:
‘ōu te rā kā ‘opu ei,
before the sun sets;
Māri ake koe i ‘akatika‘ia mai ei au,
thanks to you I was given permission.
2. ‘Ei occurs in a subordinate (relative) clause.
Ko tēia nei te puka tā‘au i ‘apai ei?,
is this the book you were carrying?;
Ko ‘ai te tangata tā‘au i pā ei?,
who was the person you struck?;
‘E painapa tāku i kai ei,
it was pineapple(s) that I ate;
Ko tē‘ea toa tā‘au i ‘aere ei?,
which shop was it you went to?;
‘E tūpito tōna maki i no‘o ei ‘aia ki te kāinga,
it was stomach-trouble that he stayed home with;
Te ngā‘i i rave mai ei koe,
the place you got it from;
Te mataara e tae ei ki runga i tērā maunga,
the path leading up that mountain;
Tē patū ra rātou i te ta‘ua i ‘akaruke atu ei au,
they were cementing the floor when I left;
Ko te tumu tē reira i ‘aere mai ei au,
that’s the reason why I came;
I ‘akapē‘ea‘ia e koe te tamaiti i auē ei,
what did you do to the child to make him cry?
3. Indicating the sequence of action in the second of two clauses, the verbal particle often being omitted from the second clause, (and) then.
Kia tae mai au, ka ‘ārote ei tāua i tā‘au ngā‘i,
let me get there, then we‘ll start ploughing your place;
Kā no‘o tātou kia pō, ka ‘aere ei,
let’s stay till it’s dark and then go;
‘Aere mai ki runga i te moenga, takoto ei,
come on to the mat and lie down;
E taritari mai i te pūtē kōpara ki te pae tai, tuku ei,
carry the sacks of copra down to the beach and put them down there;
Tē ‘aere nei au ‘e tangata kē ‘anga‘anga ai,
I‘m going to go and work for someone else.
In the construction
nā (tēta‘i tangata) ei,
‘Kāvea mai taku ‘āuri’, nā Pā ei,
“bring me my spear”, said Pā;
Nāna ai ē kā inu ‘aia i te kava ‘ānani,
he said he’d have some orange liquor;
“‘e va‘ine mānea tika ai koe”, nā Pā mai ei kiāku. “‘Aere ki kō atu”, nāku atu ei, “‘auraka koe e tāparu mai iāku”. “‘E tika ai nāku”, nāna mai ei,
“You really are a good-looking woman”, says Pā to me. “Get away with you”, says I, “don’t you go flattering me”. “I really mean it”, he says.
‘ea, locative pronoun, interrogative.
1. Where? ‘Ei ‘ea?, where (future reference)?;
Ei ‘ea au no‘o ei?,
where shall I sit?;
‘Ei ‘ea tāua kaikai ei?,
where are we going to eat? I ‘ea?, at what place? (usu. with ref. to past time).
I kite koe iāku i ‘ea?,
where did you see me?;
I ‘ea ‘aia i tuatua mai ei kiā koe?,
where was it he spoke to you? Ki ‘ea?, to(wards) what place?
Tē ‘aere nei koe ki ‘ea?,
where are you going?;
Kua ‘apai koe ki ‘ea?,
where have you taken it?;
Ko ‘ea tēia ngā‘i?,
what place is this? where is this? Mei ‘ea?, from what place?
Mei ‘ea mai ‘aia?,
where has he come from? Nā ‘ea?, by what route, means or method?
Kā ‘aere kōrua nā ‘ea?,
which way will you go?;
I nā ‘ea koe i te tomo‘anga ki roto i te ‘are? I nā te ngūtupa,
which way did you get into the house? Through the door;
Ka nā ‘ea kōtou i te tari i teia pūtē kōpara?,
what (transport) are you going to use to carry these sacks of copra?;
I nā ‘ea koe i te tunu‘anga i te varaoa?,
how (what means or method) did you (use to) bake the bread?;
I nā ‘ea koe i te rave‘anga?,
how did you do it? Nō ‘ea?, from what place? from what source?
Nō ‘ea tō‘ou kite iāku?,
where did you learn about me?;
Nō ‘ea tā‘au puka?,
where did you get your book from;
Nō ‘ea rā ‘a Maru mā?,
where have Maru and those been then?;
Nō ‘ea tā‘au?
where did you get that (story) from? where did you hear that? Tei ‘ea?, at what place? (currently).
Tei ‘ea koe?,
where are you?;
Tei ‘ea rā taku māmā? Mē tei ‘ea,
where can my mother be? I don’t know.
2. At what time? when?
(see ā‘ea and nā‘ea. NB. ‘Ea is sometimes written joined to the preceding preposition in 1 above, as (usually) in 2 above; see also tē‘ea which? and how?).
ē5, interj. Exclamation of alarm, surprise, joy.
1. (-a, -‘ia). (Wear) a necklace, garland, wreath, chaplet, scarf.
Tē ‘ei nei au i tōku ‘ei poe pārau,
I‘m wearing my pearl necklace;
‘Eia tō‘ou ‘ei,
put on your lei (necklace of flowers);
Nōku te ‘ei tiare māori, nō‘ou te ‘ei ‘ara ‘āmoa,
mine is the gardenia necklace, yours is the pandanus one;
cross (crucifix) worn round the neck;
Tē tui ‘ei ra ‘a Runa mā,
Runa and the others are making wreaths;
Nō‘ai tēia pare ‘ei?
whose chaplet is this?;
E ‘ei i tō tā‘ei ‘uru‘uru ki runga i tō kakī,
wrap your woollen scarf around your neck.
2. v.i. Encircled, ensnared, trapped, caught (in net, web, noose, snare, trap).
Kua ‘ei te ika ki roto i te kupenga,
the fish were caught in the net;
Kua ‘ei te moa taetaevao ki roto i te pū‘ere‘ere,
the wild fowl was trapped in a snare;
Kua pūtaka‘iti te rango i te ‘ei‘anga ki roto i te pūngāverevere,
the fly struggled, caught in the cobweb.
(see ‘ā‘ei, tā‘ei(‘ei)).
ea, v.i. To rise to the surface;
E tiaki kia ea te to‘orā ka pātiāi,
wait until the whale surfaces before you harpoon it;
Tērā te ‘onu kua ea,
there’s the turtle, it’s on the surface now;
Kua ea ‘aia, kua pou tōna a‘o,
he came up, his breath was exhausted;
Kua pupu‘i rātou i te pa‘ī ruku i te ea‘anga,
they shot the submarine as it surfaced.
‘engu‘engu, v.i., fq. ‘engu, groan, q.v.
Kua kite au ē ‘e moemoeā nāna i tōna ‘engu‘engu‘anga,
I could tell that she was having a dream from her groaning;
Kia tae atu au, tē ‘engu‘engu ‘uā ra ‘aia nō te mamae,
when I got there, he was groaning with the pain.
‘ē4, interj. Yes.
Kā ‘oki mai koe? ‘ē,
are you coming back? yes;
1. v.i., n. Groan, moan, grunt, (make a deep throaty noise.
‘E a‘a koe i ‘engu ‘ua ai i roto i tā‘au moe inapō?,
why were you groaning in your sleep last night?;
Kua rongo au i tōna ‘engu‘anga i te ū‘anga ‘aia ki runga i te patu,
I heard him grunt when he banged into the wall;
Kua rongo au i te ‘engu i va‘o, kāre rā au i ‘aere ana i te ‘ākara,
I heard moaning outside, but I didn’t go to look.
2. v.t. Hum.
Tē ‘engu ‘uā ra ‘aia i te ‘īmene,
he’s just humming the song.
‘ē3, n. The letter E.
‘ē5, see e1.
‘e‘eke, v.i., intens. of ‘eke1. Flow copiously, descend.
Kua ‘e‘eke ‘ua te toto i te puta‘anga tōna katu i te rākau,
the blood gushed when the pole struck him on the head;
Kua ‘e‘eke ‘ua te vai nā roto i tōna kāinga,
the water poured through his garden;
I nā konei rātou i te ‘e‘eke‘anga,
they scrambled down this way.
‘ē2, n. The coconut stick-insect (Graeffea crouanii), a traditional pest throughout the southern group.
‘E ‘ē tērā e totorō ra i runga i te kīkau mata,
there’s a stick-insect crawling on that green coconut-leaf;
Tē kai ‘ē ra te manu kāvamani,
the minah-bird is eating stick-insects;
Tē ‘ongi nei au i te ‘aunga ‘ē,
I can smell stick-insect.
‘e‘eu, (-a, -‘ia, ‘ēua, ‘eu‘ia). Draw back or remove (covering, screen or lid).
Kua purara mai te verovero o te rā ki roto i te ‘are i tōku ‘e‘eu‘anga i te ārai māramarama,
the sun’s rays burst into the house when I drew the curtains;
Kua ‘e‘eu ‘aia i te ‘āriki kaingākai,
she removed the tablecloth;
‘E‘eua ake te moenga kia purūmu‘ia te repo,
lift up the mat to sweep the dirt out;
ē6, see e1.
‘eā, interj. Yes? What is it? What do you want? (reply to a call, polite, cf. ‘ea‘a? which is discourteous).
ē7, v.i. Swell, (be) swollen.
Kare ‘oki tō vaevae i ē,
neither did thy foot swell (Deut. 8.4).
‘ea‘a, what? A spelling of ‘e + a‘a, q.v.
‘ē1, v.i. Make an error, happen to do something, do something by accident.
Kua ‘ē ‘ua au i te ‘akatika ki tāna tuatua nō tōku mataku,
I made the mistake of agreeing to what he said because I was afraid;
Kua ‘ē au i te kāpiki iā koe, nō te mea kua manako au iā koe ē ko Tara,
I called you by mistake, I thought you were Tara;
Kua pakapaka tōku rima i tōku ‘ē‘anga i te mou i te ‘āuri vera,
I burned my hand when I accidentally took hold of the hot iron;
Kāre rava au e ‘ē i te ‘akakite i teia tuatua ki tēta‘i tangata, ‘ei rotopū ‘ua ia tāua,
I certainly won’t let this story slip out to anyone else, it‘ll be just between the two of us;
Kāre i te mea ‘ē, ‘e mea ‘akakoro tika ai,
it wasn’t any accident, it was quite deliberate;
Mē ‘ē ake koe i te ‘oki ‘aka‘ou mai, e ‘apai mai koe i tēta‘i ‘uri tiare nāku,
if you should happen to come this way again, bring me a few young flower plants.
eaea, v.i., fq. of ea. Rise to the surface.
Kua pou rātou ki roto i te vai ē kua eaea ki tēta‘i tua i te kauvai,
they dived into the water and came up on the other side of the river;
Kua pupu‘i te aronga ruku i tō rātou a‘o i tō rātou eaea‘anga,
the divers let their breath out with a rush as they surfaced.