‘engu

‘engu,

1. v.i., n. Groan, moan, grunt, (make a deep throaty noise.

‘E a‘a koe i ‘engu ‘ua ai i roto i tā‘au moe inapō?,
why were you groaning in your sleep last night?;

Kua rongo au i tōna ‘engu‘anga i te ū‘anga ‘aia ki runga i te patu,
I heard him grunt when he banged into the wall;

Kua rongo au i te ‘engu i va‘o, kāre rā au i ‘aere ana i te ‘ākara,
I heard moaning outside, but I didn’t go to look.

2. v.t. Hum.

Tē ‘engu ‘uā ra ‘aia i te ‘īmene,
he’s just humming the song.
[Np. *fe

‘engu‘engu

‘engu‘engu, v.i., fq. ‘engu, groan, q.v.

Kua kite au ē ‘e moemoeā nāna i tōna ‘engu‘engu‘anga,
I could tell that she was having a dream from her groaning;

Kia tae atu au, tē ‘engu‘engu ‘uā ra ‘aia nō te mamae,
when I got there, he was groaning with the pain.
[‘engu RR.]

ea

ea, v.i. To rise to the surface;

E tiaki kia ea te to‘orā ka pātiāi,
wait until the whale surfaces before you harpoon it;

Tērā te ‘onu kua ea,
there’s the turtle, it’s on the surface now;

Kua ea ‘aia, kua pou tōna a‘o,
he came up, his breath was exhausted;

Kua pupu‘i rātou i te pa‘ī ruku i te ea‘anga,
they shot the submarine as it surfaced.
[Pn. *e‘a.]

ei, ai

ei, ai, locative particle. (The form ai is used when the preceding word ends in a, when, in traditional orthography it was often written as ‘i and suffixed to the preceding word. E.g. tuatua ai is written tuatua‘i in Bibilia Tapu). A particle which relates the verb preceding it to an adverbial (time, place, reason, cause, purpose, means) or nominal antecedent. The antecedent to which ei refers may have been placed ahead of the verbal particle of the ei-clause for emphasis; Or it may occur in (or comprise) a preceding clause to which the ei-clause is linked.

1. ‘Ei occurs in a main clause where the antecedent is

(a) an adverbial phrase fronted for emphasis (interrogatives are often topicalised in this way).

Ā te Varaire te pa‘ī e ‘akaruke ei,
it’s Friday that the ship leaves / Friday is when the ship leaves (cf. the unmarked word order

ka ‘akaruke te pa‘ī ā te Varaire,
the ship leaves on Friday);

Nō te matangi i kino ei te rākau,
it’s the wind that’s spoiled the tree;

Nō tōna vare‘ae i rutu ei ‘aia iāku
it was out of jealousy that he hit me;

I na‘ea kōrua i tuatua ai i tēnā manako?,
when did you two discuss that idea?;

‘Ei ‘ea tāua kaikai ei?,
where shall we have our meal?;

‘E a‘a te mea i tuaru ei koe iāia?,
what did you drive him away for?

(b) an adverbial clause:

iāku e tū ra, kite atu ei au i te pa‘ī,
as I was standing there, I caught sight of the ship;

(c) an adverbial conjunction:

‘ōu te rā kā ‘opu ei,
before the sun sets;

Māri ake koe i ‘akatika‘ia mai ei au,
thanks to you I was given permission.

2. ‘Ei occurs in a subordinate (relative) clause.

Ko tēia nei te puka tā‘au i ‘apai ei?,
is this the book you were carrying?;

Ko ‘ai te tangata tā‘au i pā ei?,
who was the person you struck?;

‘E painapa tāku i kai ei,
it was pineapple(s) that I ate;

Ko tē‘ea toa tā‘au i ‘aere ei?,
which shop was it you went to?;

‘E tūpito tōna maki i no‘o ei ‘aia ki te kāinga,
it was stomach-trouble that he stayed home with;

Te ngā‘i i rave mai ei koe,
the place you got it from;

Te mataara e tae ei ki runga i tērā maunga,
the path leading up that mountain;

Tē patū ra rātou i te ta‘ua i ‘akaruke atu ei au,
they were cementing the floor when I left;

Ko te tumu tē reira i ‘aere mai ei au,
that’s the reason why I came;

I ‘akapē‘ea‘ia e koe te tamaiti i auē ei,
what did you do to the child to make him cry?

3. Indicating the sequence of action in the second of two clauses, the verbal particle often being omitted from the second clause, (and) then.

Kia tae mai au, ka ‘ārote ei tāua i tā‘au ngā‘i,
let me get there, then we‘ll start ploughing your place;

Kā no‘o tātou kia pō, ka ‘aere ei,
let’s stay till it’s dark and then go;

‘Aere mai ki runga i te moenga, takoto ei,
come on to the mat and lie down;

E taritari mai i te pūtē kōpara ki te pae tai, tuku ei,
carry the sacks of copra down to the beach and put them down there;

Tē ‘aere nei au ‘e tangata kē ‘anga‘anga ai,
I‘m going to go and work for someone else.

4.
In the construction

(tēta‘i tangata) ei,
(somebody) said.

‘Kāvea mai taku ‘āuri’, nā Pā ei,
“bring me my spear”, said Pā;

Nāna ai ē kā inu ‘aia i te kava ‘ānani,
he said he’d have some orange liquor;

“‘e va‘ine mānea tika ai koe”, nā Pā mai ei kiāku. “‘Aere ki kō atu”, nāku atu ei, “‘auraka koe e tāparu mai iāku”. “‘E tika ai nāku”, nāna mai ei,
“You really are a good-looking woman”, says Pā to me. “Get away with you”, says I, “don’t you go flattering me”. “I really mean it”, he says.
[Pn. *ai.]

‘ea

‘ea, locative pronoun, interrogative.

1. Where? ‘Ei ‘ea?, where (future reference)?;

Ei ‘ea au no‘o ei?,
where shall I sit?;

‘Ei ‘ea tāua kaikai ei?,
where are we going to eat? I ‘ea?, at what place? (usu. with ref. to past time).

I kite koe iāku i ‘ea?,
where did you see me?;

I ‘ea ‘aia i tuatua mai ei kiā koe?,
where was it he spoke to you? Ki ‘ea?, to(wards) what place?

Tē ‘aere nei koe ki ‘ea?,
where are you going?;

Kua ‘apai koe ki ‘ea?,
where have you taken it?;

Ko ‘ea,
what place?;

Ko ‘ea tēia ngā‘i?,
what place is this? where is this? Mei ‘ea?, from what place?

Mei ‘ea mai ‘aia?,
where has he come from? Nā ‘ea?, by what route, means or method?

Kā ‘aere kōrua nā ‘ea?,
which way will you go?;

I nā ‘ea koe i te tomo‘anga ki roto i te ‘are? I nā te ngūtupa,
which way did you get into the house? Through the door;

Ka nā ‘ea kōtou i te tari i teia pūtē kōpara?,
what (transport) are you going to use to carry these sacks of copra?;

I nā ‘ea koe i te tunu‘anga i te varaoa?,
how (what means or method) did you (use to) bake the bread?;

I nā ‘ea koe i te rave‘anga?,
how did you do it? Nō ‘ea?, from what place? from what source?

Nō ‘ea tō‘ou kite iāku?,
where did you learn about me?;

Nō ‘ea tā‘au puka?,
where did you get your book from;

Nō ‘ea rā ‘a Maru mā?,
where have Maru and those been then?;

Nō ‘ea tā‘au?
where did you get that (story) from? where did you hear that? Tei ‘ea?, at what place? (currently).

Tei ‘ea koe?,
where are you?;

Tei ‘ea rā taku māmā? Mē tei ‘ea,
where can my mother be? I don’t know.

2. At what time? when?
(see ā‘ea and nā‘ea. NB. ‘Ea is sometimes written joined to the preceding preposition in 1 above, as (usually) in 2 above; see also tē‘ea which? and how?).
[Pn. *fea.]

‘ei1

‘ei1,

1. (-a, -‘ia). (Wear) a necklace, garland, wreath, chaplet, scarf.

Tē ‘ei nei au i tōku ‘ei poe pārau,
I‘m wearing my pearl necklace;

‘Eia tō‘ou ‘ei,
put on your lei (necklace of flowers);

Nōku te ‘ei tiare māori, nō‘ou te ‘ei ‘ara ‘āmoa,
mine is the gardenia necklace, yours is the pandanus one;

‘Ei Kātorika,
rosary;

‘Ei tātauro,
cross (crucifix) worn round the neck;

Tē tui ‘ei ra ‘a Runa mā,
Runa and the others are making wreaths;

Nō‘ai tēia pare ‘ei?
whose chaplet is this?;

E ‘ei i tō tā‘ei ‘uru‘uru ki runga i tō kakī,
wrap your woollen scarf around your neck.

2. v.i. Encircled, ensnared, trapped, caught (in net, web, noose, snare, trap).

Kua ‘ei te ika ki roto i te kupenga,
the fish were caught in the net;

Kua ‘ei te moa taetaevao ki roto i te pū‘ere‘ere,
the wild fowl was trapped in a snare;

Kua pūtaka‘iti te rango i te ‘ei‘anga ki roto i te pūngāverevere,
the fly struggled, caught in the cobweb.
(see ‘ā‘ei, tā‘ei(‘ei)).
[Pn. *sei.]

ērā

ērā, dem.pron., pl. of tērā, q.v. Those there (not beside or associated with you or me).

‘Apaina ērā, vao‘o‘ia mai ēia,
take those, leave these here;

Nā ‘ai ērā puaka?,
who do those pigs belong to?;

I tōku manako i kite ana au i ērā ngā tamariki,
I think I’ve seen those two children before.
[ē2, -rā4.]

eraera

eraera, (-‘ia, eraerā‘ia), fq. era. Lever up, prize up .

‘E a‘a i eraerā‘ia ai te pāruru o te ‘are?,
why is (the planking of) the wall being prized off?;

Kua ‘akatakoto ‘aia i te uira o te mōtokā ē kua eraera i tēta‘i tua i te kiri,
he laid the car wheel on the ground and levered off one side of the tyre.
[era RR.]

‘ere

‘ere, (-a, -‘ia, -kia).

1. Tie around, tie up, tether.

Kia oti tēnā ‘ope i te taura i te ‘ere ki runga i te pū nū, ka ‘u‘uti ei mātou,
get your end of the rope tied around the coconut tree and then the rest of us will heave;

Kua ‘ere ‘aia i te rākau e ‘okota‘i ruru,
he tied the sticks up in one bundle;

Kua mamae ‘aia i tōku ‘ere‘anga i tōna vaevae ki te taura,
it hurt him when I tied his legs with rope;

Tēia te tuaina ‘ei ‘ere i tō ko‘u,
here is some string to tie up your parcel with;

‘Erea tēnā ‘oro‘enua ki te taura ‘ōu,
use new rope to tether the horse;

Kua ‘ere koe i tō puaka?
have you tethered your pig;

Kua riro taua kōreromotu ‘ei ‘ere iāia kia kore e ‘akaruke i te ‘anga‘anga,
the contract so bound him that he couldn’t leave the job.

2. n. A (noosed) tether, esp. a pig-rope.

‘E kiri‘au ma‘ani ‘ere tēnā,
that hibiscus-bast is for making (pig-)tethers;

Mou i te ‘ere, mou i te kō
(proverb), ‘hold on to the tether, hold on to the planting-stick’, i.e. keep animals and cultivate the land.
(see ‘ere‘ere, (‘ere)‘erekia, pū‘ere‘ere).
[Pn. *sele1.]

‘ere‘ere

‘ere‘ere, (-a, -‘ia, -kia), fq. ‘ere.

1. Tie, tether, snare

Ka ‘ere‘ere ‘ua māua i teia au kā‘ui meika ki runga i teia au ‘ātava rākau,
we‘ll just tie these bunches of bananas onto the branches here;

Kia oti tēnā au ko‘u i te ‘ere‘ere meitaki kā kave ei ki te mēre,
tie those parcels up properly before you take them to the post;

Kua ‘ere‘erea te aronga ‘akatupu pekapeka e te au ‘akavā ki runga i te au poupou,
the police lashed the trouble-makers to the posts;

Ka tāmou au i teia pū‘ere‘ere ki konei ‘ei ‘ere‘ere i te toā moa,
I‘m going to set this snare here to trap the cock.

2. n. ‘Ere‘ere manu, fowler (using snare).

Te ‘ere‘ere a te ‘ere‘ere manu,
the fowler’s snares. ‘ere‘erekia, pass. of

‘ere‘ere,
q.v.

epaepa

epaepa, (-‘ia), fq. epa. To honour, consecrate or dedicate ceremonially.

Kua epaepa rātou i te ariki ma te ‘o‘ora i tā rātou ‘apinga aro‘a,
they ceremonially honoured the king and spread their gifts before him;

Kua tā‘okota‘i te tangata i te epaepa‘anga i te Atua,
the people assembled (at the festival) in praise of God.
[epa RR.]

‘ereni1

‘ereni1, v.i. Out-of-tune.

‘Akatanoa tō kītā, kua ‘ereni,
tune your guitar, it’s out-of-tune;

Te ‘ereni nei i tō‘ou reo!,
you are (singing) out-of-tune!. Reo ‘ereni, a wrong note, an accidental (flat or sharp).
(see tā‘ereni.)