1. loc.n. Front, ahead, before.
(a) Referring to place. Ā mua, the front.
Tēia ā mua i te ‘are.
This is the front of the house;
‘E pēni koe i ā mua i te ‘are.
Paint the front of the house. I mua, at the front.
Tōna au ni‘o i mua,
his front teeth;
E no‘o kōrua ki te pā i mua, kā no‘o au ki te pā i muri.
You sit in the row in front, I‘ll sit in the row behind. Ki mua, to the front.
E ‘ākara koe ki mua.
E kave koe i te pi‘a ki mua.
Take the box out in front;
Kua tū ‘aia ki mua ake iāku.
He stood in front of me (forward of me);
E ‘aere koe ki mua atu.
Go further forward. Nā mua, along in front, on ahead.
E ‘aere koe nā mua, ka nā muri atu au.
You go ahead, I‘ll come along behind. Nā mua mai ra, coming from the front.
Te na mua maira oki te matangi.
For there was a head wind (Matt. 14.24). Tō mua, nō mua, belong to the front or foremost position.
To mua e manganui ra e riro no muri; e to muri ra, e riro ia no mua.
Many that are first shall be last, and those that are last, they shall be first (Mark 10.31).
(b) Referring to time.
2. Ahead (as we look into the future), coming, next.
Ā tēia marama ki mua,
this coming month, next month;
‘Ei tēia kī‘anga marama i mua e ‘akataka ai te maito.
Next full moon the black surgeonfish will be gathering.
3. First, before something else.
E vāito koe i tēia au anga pārau nā mua ka paunu ei.
Measure these pearl shells before you weigh them;
Kua tae ‘aia i mua ake iāku.
He arrived before me;
Kua puta tōku vaevae i te rākau i mua ake ka ‘anga‘anga ai māua.
I hurt my leg on a branch of something before we started work;
I mua poto ‘ua ake i te tuaero.
It rained shortly before noon.
4. The past, earlier days, former times. I mua ake nei, in former times.
‘E ‘anga‘anga mātau nā mātou i te tere ki tērā ‘ōire ē ki tērā ‘ōire i mua ake nei, kāreka i tēianei, kua kore ‘ua.
It was our custom in former times to travel from village to village, but nowadays it has died out; I mua ana, in the past.
I tae mai ana au ki konei i mua ana.
I’ve been here before. Mei mua mai, from early days.
Mei mua mai tō mātou no‘o‘anga ki runga i tēia ‘enua ē tae ‘ua mai ki tēia rā.
We have occupied this land from long ago right up to today.
5. n. The first (in time or place).
Tāna tama mua,
his eldest son;
Ko tā‘au pā ‘ānani mua tēia e ‘ārote.
These are the rows of orange trees you must plough first;
Ko te pae mua o te puka tāku i tatau ei.
It is the first part of the book that I’ve read. Te mua tangata, the eldest in a family.
Ko ia tō mātou mua tangata.
He is the eldest in our family.
(See mātāmua, mōmua, muamua, muatangāna, muāvaka.)