tupu, (-a, -‘ia).
1. Grow, sprout, develop, extend, progress, flourish.
Kā tupu mē pī pī putuputu‘ia.
It will grow if it is watered frequently;
Kua tupu te ni‘o o te pēpe.
The baby’s teeth came through;
Kāre e tupu te ‘akakoro‘anga mē kāre tātou e tā‘okota‘i.
Nothing will come of our venture if we don’t cooperate;
Kua tupu taua pātireiā ra ki te ma‘ata.
That nation became a great power;
Kua tupu atū ra ‘aia.
He grew away, grew up;
‘E tamaiti tupu mārie ē te makimaki.
He is a slow-growing, sick-looking lad;
Ko te au kao tupu ‘ōu tā‘au e katokato.
You are to pinch off the new shoots.
2. Arise, spring up (e.g. wind, disease, anger), happen, occur, come to pass (event, prophecy), occur (of an idea).
Kua tupu te maki ki taua ‘enuā ra.
Sickness broke out on the island;
Kua tupu pō‘itirere mai te ‘uri‘ia.
A hurricane sprang up suddenly;
Mē tupu tōna riri, kāre e kore vave.
Once he gets angry, it takes a long time to wear off;
Kua tupu te toto‘u a te peroveta.
The seer’s prophecy has come true;
Kua tupu tōna manako.
He had an idea;
‘E maki tupu te reira nō rātou mei pō mai.
They’ve had that disease in their family for a long time.
3. Foliage, vegetation, growth.
Kāre e uriuri ana te tupu o teia one ‘ānani.
The foliage in this orange grove isn’t dark green. Tangata tupu, neighbour.