toka

toka,

1. n. Stone, rock (general term); made of stone, hard as stone.

E tū ki runga i tēnā toka.
Stand up on that stone;

Kua pē‘i au i te manu ki te toka.
I threw a stone at the bird;

Ko te toka o te māti pēnitī ni tei pou.
It is the flint on the lighter that has gone;

‘E patapata toka tāku ka ‘inangaro, ‘auraka te mea i‘o.
I want some stone (clay) marbles, not the glass ones. Katu toka!, blockhead! Kirikiri toka, gravel, small pebbles. Toka a‘i, flint. Toka ‘akama‘ara‘anga, memorial monument.

Nō‘ai tēnā toka ‘akama‘ara-‘anga?
Whose memorial is that? Toka ngaika, limestone.

Tē vāvā‘i toka ngaikā ra rāua.
They are breaking up the lime-stones. Toka māori, a kind of basalt. Toka pu‘apinga, precious stone. Toka punga, variety of soft coral. Toka tango, supporting stone (e.g. foundation pillars of house). Toka tā‘ōta, pumice stone. Toka tātā, school slate, stone writing tablet.

E tāmā i tā kōtou toka tātā.
Clean off your slates. Toka tema, flint-stone, flinty rock. Ua toka, hailstone.

Kāre e kino te ua toka, ka ‘aere rāi tāua.
Never mind the hail, we‘ll go all the same. Vai toka, ice.

2. A smoothing iron (toka ‘āuri kāka‘u).

‘Ōmai i te toka kia ‘akatika-‘ia tō pona.
Bring me the iron to press your shirt.

3. Jackstones, five-stones.

‘Aere mai, kā pere toka tāua.
Come on, let’s play jackstones.

4. A piece (at draughts);

Kua kai ‘aia i tēta‘i āku toka.
He took one of my men.

5. A weight.

E tuku i te toka rua ‘ānere paunu ka paunu ei.
Put the 200 lb weight on and weigh it.

6. Solidify, congeal, freeze over, curdle.

Kua toka te ‘inu nō te anu.
The dripping had gone hard in the cold (weather);

Kua toka te vai i roto i te punā vai.
The water in the pond has frozen over;

Kua toka te toto i runga i tōna rae.
The blood was congealed on his forehead;

Kua toka te rito o te ū.
The milk was curdled.
[Pn. *toka1.]

oi

oi,

1. (-a). (a) Jerk, shake, shove or slide along.

‘Auraka e oi i te kaingākai, ka maringi te tiā ū.
Don’t shake the table, you‘ll spill the milk in the jug;

‘Auraka e oi i te pi‘a repo nā runga i te ta‘ua.
Don’t slide that muddy box over the floor; (b) Rub, stir or knead into a mass.

Kua oi ‘aia i tēta‘i ‘inu ki runga i tōna tāmaka.
He rubbed some grease into his boots;

Oia te tī mēni.
Mix up the cement;

Kua oi ‘aia i te varāoa ma te pōpō.
He kneaded the dough and rolled it into loaves.

2. v.i. (a) Lurch, rock, give a jerk, rub or graze against something.

Kua kite au i te pa‘ī i te oi‘anga i te ‘a‘ati‘anga te ngaru ki runga.
I saw the ship lurch as the wave broke against it;

I tōku ‘ōpara‘anga iāia, kua oi tōna mata ki runga i te pāruru ‘are ē kua pakiko.
When I shoved him, he grazed his face against the wall of the house and took the skin off; (b) Slip out of joint, dislocate.

Kua oi tōna rima i tōna ‘inga‘anga ē kua ‘aka‘oki‘ia.
He dislocated his wrist when he fell and it was put back in again. (See oinga; oioi; ‘akaoi(oi); ngaoi, ngāoioi; tōi(oi).) [Pn. *o‘i.]