1. Grandparent. Tupuna tāne, grandfather. Tupuna va‘ine, grand-mother.
Nā tō mātou tupuna va‘ine i tuku iāia ki runga i taua ‘enua.
Our great-grandmother put him on that land (settled him on).
Ko tō mātou ‘ai tupuna tei tae mua ki runga i teia ‘enua.
It was our ancestors who were the first to come to this island. Tuatua tupuna, old saying, proverb.
‘E tuatua tupuna tēnā i tō mātou ‘enua.
That is a proverb in our country.