NG

Click here for letter NG word list plus a brief excerpt.

-ngā3

-ngā3, suff. Intensive in (tā-)‘uru‘urungā, q.v.

-ngū2

-ngū2, intens.suff. (See (tā)kavangū, very bitter.)

-nga2

-nga2, suff. Noun-forming suffix (cf. -‘anga4 2), occasionally used gerundially (cf. -‘anga4 1). (See ‘aenga, ‘aerenga, ‘anaunga, ‘apainga, ‘ekenga, ‘ikinga, ‘īnanga, ‘iōnga, ‘irinakinga, ‘itinga, kainga1, kāinga, kaingākai, kākenga, kamonga, (kapa)kapanga, kapenga, kapinga, karonga, kātinga, kāvenga, kaveinga, kōtinga, (mate)matenga, moenga, motunga, … Continue reading

-nga3

-nga3, v.suff. (See -a5 and kainga2.)

-ngia

-ngia, v.suff. Passive marker. (See katangia.)

-ngio

-ngio, cf. potongio, very short.

-ngiti2

-ngiti2, see meangiti and iti1.

ngā‘i

ngā‘i, n. 1. Place (general term), position, location. Ko te ngā‘i meitaki tēia i te no‘o. This is a good place to sit; Ka ‘aere tāua ‘e ngā‘i kē. Let’s go somewhere else; E mou koe i tēnā ngā‘i, kā … Continue reading

ngāio

ngāio, n. The false sandalwood (Myoporum sandwicensis) The fragrant flowers were used to scent coconut oil. ‘E pakari ake te ngāio i te ‘au. Ngāio wood is stronger than hibiscus. [Pn. *„aio2.]

ngāko‘iko‘i

ngāko‘iko‘i, v.i. 1. Quick (of pace, ‘aere, or legs,vaevae), speedy. Kia ngāko‘iko‘i tā kōtou ‘aere, ka roko‘ia kōtou e te ua. Make haste or you‘ll get caught in the rain; E ‘aere ngāko‘iko‘i kōtou, ko te tūrēti kōtou ākonei i … Continue reading

ngāngā

ngāngā, v.i. Gasp, (the sound of) choking for breath. Kua ngāngā te ‘oro‘enua nō te piri roa i te kara. The horse was choking because the collar was too tight; Kua rongo au i te ngāngā a te puaka i … Continue reading

ngāngā‘ere

ngāngā‘ere, v.i. 1. (Full of) weeds, useless grasses, plants or bushes. Nō te kōpē iāia i te vāere i tōna ‘enua, kua tupu roroa te ngāngā‘ere. Because he was too lazy to clear his land, the weeds grew very tall; … Continue reading

ngāoi

ngāoi, v.i. Out-of-joint, dislocated. Kua ngāoi iāia te pa‘u‘anga. He put the joint out. [nga-1, oi1.]

ngāoioi

ngāoioi, v.i., fq. ngāoi. Dislocated.

ngāra‘u

ngāra‘u, n. Charcoal. E ‘akakī mai i te toka ki te ngāra‘u ‘ei ‘akatika i te kāka‘u. Fill the iron with charcoal ready for pressing the clothes; Tikina mai te pi‘a ngāra‘u. Come and get the box of charcoal; Ka … Continue reading

ngārara

ngārara, n. A large lizard (Gehyra oceanica), common around dwellings and in the forest.

ngārepurepu

ngārepurepu, v.i., fq. ngarepu. Be continuously disturbed and rough (of water), pliable (of branches). Kua rapurapu te aronga tautai i te ‘oki ki uta i te ngāre-purepu‘anga te moana. The fishermen made haste back to land as the sea grew … Continue reading

ngāruerue

ngāruerue, v.i. Quake, shake (of the ground). Kua ngāruerue te ‘enua. The earth shook. Ngāruerue ‘enua, n. v.i., earthquake. Kua ‘akarongo mātou i te ngāruerue ‘enua i Nūtirēni. We heard about the earthquake in New Zealand; mē ngāruerue ‘enua, when … Continue reading

ngātatatata

ngātatatata, v.i., fq. ngatata, split, crack.

ngāteitei

ngāteitei, v.i. High rank(ing). ‘E tangata ngāteitei ‘aia i runga i tōna ‘enua. He is a man of high rank in his own country; Nō te ngāteitei iāia, kua mataku te aronga rikiriki i te ‘aere i te ‘ārāvei iāia. … Continue reading

ngāti

ngāti, prop.n. Clan. (A title prefixed to the name of the ancestor of a tribe or family to denote the whole of the clan descended from him.) Kua tāmataora ‘a ngāti Makea i te manu‘iri. The Makea family entertained the … Continue reading

ngāueue

ngāueue, v.i., fq. ngaue. Move to and fro, shake, sway around, waver (of the mind or will), be insecure (of the occupancy of land or title). Kua mataku te tamaiti i runga i te pū nū i te ngāueue‘anga te … Continue reading

ngāvarivari

ngāvarivari, v.i., fq. ngāvari. 1. Rickety, tottery, unstable. Kua ngāvarivari te ‘are nō te rikiriki o te poupou. The house was rickety because the posts were too slender; Kua ngāvarivari tēia kaingākai. This table is wobbly. 2. Yielding, weak, pliable, … Continue reading

ngē1

ngē1, v.i. Sore, swollen, inflamed and hurting. Kua ngē tōna mata nō te auē. Her eyes were sore with crying; Kā ngē tō mata iāku. I‘ll give you a black eye; Kā ngē te taringa ō‘ou iāku. I‘ll give you … Continue reading

ngē2

ngē2, v.i. Squeal, groan, squeak. Kua kata te tamariki i tōna ngē‘anga. The children laughed when he squealed; Kā ngē koe! You‘ll be sorry! (See ngēngē2.) [Pn. *„ee.]

ngēngē1

ngēngē1, v.i., fq. nge1. Swollen and inflamed. Kua ngēngē tōna mata i te auē‘anga i tōna ngā metua. Her eyes were swollen from weeping for her parents. [ngē1 RR.]

ngēngē2

ngēngē2, v.i., fq. nge2. Squeal, groan. Kua ngēngē te au puaka matepongi. The hungry pigs squealed. [ngē2 RR.]

ngō‘ie, -ngō‘ie

ngō‘ie, -ngō‘ie. With ease, without difficulty (cf. the antonym ngatā). Ka rauka ngō‘ie ‘ua iāku i te tiki i te vairākau. I can quite easily get the medicine; ‘E ‘anga‘anga ngō‘ie ‘ua tēnā i te rave. That’s a very easy … Continue reading

ngōio

ngōio Common Noddy

ngōio

ngōio, see ngōia, brown noddy.

ngōtare

ngōtare, n. Chattering kingfisher (Halcyon tuta) of ‘Ātiu and Ma‘uke. Nā te ngōtare i arataki iāia ki te ana. The kingfisher led him to the cave. [Ce. *kootare.]

ngū1

ngū1, v.i. Drone, buzz, rumble, grunt. Kua ngū te pa‘īrere nā roto i te reva. The plane droned through the air; ‘E marū tika ai te ngū i tō‘ou matīni. Your engine has a quiet purr to it; ‘E torōka … Continue reading

ngūngū

ngūngū, v.i. Rumble, grunt, (fq. ngū1, q.v.). Kua ngūngū te au matīni. The engines rumbled; Kua rongo au i te ngūngū a te tīnana puaka. I heard the sow grunting. Ngūngū riri, grumpy. Kua ngūngū riri te rū‘au i tēia … Continue reading

nga‘anga‘ā

nga‘anga‘ā, v.i., fq. nga‘ā. Shatter, break into pieces, crack or split in many places. Kua nga‘anga‘ā te mō‘ina ki runga i te mataara. The bottle smashed to bits on the road; Kua nga‘anga‘ā te kōua i te ‘a‘aki-‘ia‘anga. The immature … Continue reading

nga‘u

nga‘u (Scaevola)

nga‘u, nganga‘u

nga‘u, nganga‘u, n. A common coastal shrub (Scaevola frutescens) with large glossy leaves and white fruit. Kua totoro ‘aere te kākara nā roto i te nga‘u i tō mātou rama kākara‘anga i ta‘atai. The little hermit-crabs scuttled around in the … Continue reading

nga‘uru

nga‘uru, n. 1. Ten, tenth. E ‘aere koe e kimi ‘ē ta‘i nga‘uru ‘akari. Go and look for ten ripe coconuts; ‘Ē‘ia nga‘uru ā‘au ‘ānani i ‘a‘ao ei? ‘Ē varu. How many tens of (i.e. reckoning in tens) oranges did … Continue reading

nga‘uru‘anga

nga‘uru‘anga, nom. Tithe (Bib.).

nga-1, ngā-

nga-1, ngā-, pref. (See (tā-)nga‘ā, (tā-)nga‘anga‘ā, (tā-)nga‘ae, (tā-)nga‘anga‘ae, ngāoi, ngāoioi, ngākoi‘ko‘i, nga‘oro.)

ngā1

ngā1, n. The digraph ng, used to represent the velar nasal phoneme.

ngā2

ngā2, collective part. Used both with and without a preceding determiner. 1. When the following noun is not qualified by a numeral: two, pair, couple, or (vaguely) three or four, a few. Ko te ngā ‘oro‘enua tēia i kainga‘ia ai … Continue reading

ngaika

ngaika, n. 1. Coral lime: a whitewash obtained by burning a white coral (punga, q.v.) in large pits. Kua ‘eke ‘a Pūrua ki raro i te va‘arua ē kua tuāpara mai i te ngaika ki roto i te pere‘ō. PŒurua … Continue reading

ngaingai

ngaingai, n. Old, torn and worn-out garment or material. ‘Aona tō ngaingai pona. Wear your old shirt; Tīria tēnā ngaingai. Throw that old rag (of a blanket, dress etc.) away.

ngākau

ngākau, n. 1. Intestines, entrails, viscera. Kua putaputa te ngākau o te puaka i te pō‘aki pupu‘i. The bullets had pierced the pig’s intestines; Ka ‘aere au ka ta‘ata‘a ngākau puaka i ta‘atai. I‘m going to go and clean out … Continue reading

ngake

ngake, n. A small scoop net with a handle (Ait. dial.).

ngaki

ngaki, (-a, -‘ia). Care for, look after, bring up (a child). Nāku i ngaki iā koe ē ma‘ata ‘ua ake koe. I’ve looked after you until you have grown up; Kā kite rāi au i te ngaki i tāku ‘ānau. … Continue reading

ngako

ngako, n. The internal fat of fish or animals (Ait. dial., cf. Rar. matū). [Pn. *„ako.]

nganga‘u

nganga‘u, see nga‘u.

ngangata

ngangata, v.i. Loose (not firmly attached). Kua ngangata te tāpoki o teia pi‘a kāka‘u. The lid of this clothes-chest is loose; Kua ngangata te ngūtupa o te ‘āua i te kake-kake‘ia‘anga e te tamariki. The paddock gate has worked loose … Continue reading

ngangie

ngangie, n. Two species of hardwood coastal shrubs (Pemphis acidula) and (Suriana maritima). ‘E rākau pakari te ngangie i te pae tai. The ngangie tree grows well by the sea. [Pn. *„a„ie.]

ngao

ngao, v.i. Big (Mang. dial., cf. Rar. ma‘ata).

ngarangara

ngarangara, v.i. Frightened, terrified. ‘Auraka e ngarangara. Don’t be frightened.

ngarangararā

ngarangararā, fq. ngararā. Make rattling noises in the throat. Kua ngarangararā ngā ‘oro‘enua kika ‘ārote nō te piri i te kara. Both the horses drawing the plough were rattling in the throat because their collars were too tight. [ngararā rR.]

ngararā

ngararā, v.i. Make a choking, rattling sound in the throat. Kua ngararā te va‘ine i te kōmiri‘ia‘anga tōna kakī. Choking noises came from the woman as her throat was squeezed; Kua rongo au i te ngararā a te ‘oro‘enua. I … Continue reading

ngārara

ngārara (Gehyra oceanica)

ngarepu

ngarepu, v.i. 1. Disturbed, rough (of water). Kua ngarepu te moana i te matangi ‘uri‘ia. The gale made the sea rough; Kua ngarepu te vai i tō rātou rererere‘anga ki roto. They disturbed the water when they all jumped in; … Continue reading

ngari

ngari, v.i. 1. Be better, improved. E ngari ake koe kia no‘o ki te kāinga i te ‘aere ki te tautai, nō te mea kāre koe e ‘ākara‘anga meitaki ana. You’d be better staying at home than going fishing for … Continue reading

ngaringari

ngaringari, v.i., fq. ngari. Get gradually better, improving. [ngari RR.]

ngaro

ngaro, v.i. 1. Disappear, vanish; (be) lost, gone, missing. Kua ngaro ‘ā Mārama nā muri i te ‘are. Mārama disappeared behind the house; Kua manamanatā ‘aia i te ngaro‘anga te moni. He was worried at the money disappearing; Kua ngaro … Continue reading

ngaromia

ngaromia, submerged etc. (See under ngaro.) [ngaro, -mia.]

ngarongaro

ngarongaro, v.i., fq. ngaro. Lost, missing, out of sight, disappear(ed). Kua ngaro-ngaro te tamariki ‘āpi‘i i te ‘akangāro-‘i‘anga te ‘āpi‘i i te ora iva. The children disappeared during the nine o‘clock school break; Kua pou tōku pine rauru i te … Continue reading

ngaropōina

ngaropōina, v.i. Slip from the memory, (be) forgotten. I tōku manako, kua ngaropōina au iā koe. I do believe you’ve forgotten me; Kāre e ngaropōina iāku tō‘ou tākinga-meitaki‘anga iāku. I shall not forget your kindness to me; Kua ngaropōina tāku … Continue reading

ngaru

ngaru, v.i. Rough (of the sea); waves; swell. Kua ngaru te tai. The sea is rough; Tē ngarū ra te tai. There was a rough sea running; Kāre e meitaki te pātia i runga i te akau, ‘e tai ngaru. … Continue reading

ngarungaru

ngarungaru, v.i., fq. and dim. ngaru. Roughish (of the sea), choppy; choppiness. Kua ngarungaru te tai nō te kinokino i te matangi. The sea is choppy because the wind is quite bad; Kua ‘akamutu te tangata i te ‘akatomo i … Continue reading

ngarungaruā

ngarungaruā, v.i. Fertile, rich (of the soil). ‘E ngā‘i one ngarungaruā tēia, nō reira i tupu meitaki ei te ‘apinga tanu. There’s rich soil in this place, that’s why crops grow so well; ‘Ei one ngarungaruā tō kōtou ngākau, kia … Continue reading

ngatā, -ngatā

ngatā, -ngatā. With difficulty, hard. (This form appears only as a qualifier to verbs (usually), or nouns, e.g. rave ngatā, hard to do; tono ngatā, hard to persuade to do something for one; rauka ngatā, hard to get; pao ngatā, … Continue reading

ngata

ngata, n. Kind of edible seaslug. Kua totoro te ngata ki runga i te kāoa. The ngata crawled on to the coral rock; Kua kai ngata te va‘ine tini. The women ate ngata.

ngatae

ngatae, n. The traditional Indian coral tree (Erythrina variegata) and the recently introduced dadap tree (E. subumbrans). Kua tau te moa kirikiri i runga i te pū ngatae i te kai i te pu‘era. The flying foxes perched on the … Continue reading

ngatae

ngatae (Erythrina variegata)

ngatata

ngatata, v.i. Split, crack(ed). Kua ngatata tēia ngā‘i i te pāruru o te ‘are. The wall of the house is cracked in this place; Kua ngatata tēnā pi‘a, kāre e meitaki i te vairanga kapu. That box is split, it’s … Continue reading

ngau1

ngau1, (-a, -‘ia). Chew. E ngau meitaki koe i tā‘au kai. Chew your food properly; Kua ngau mārie ‘aia i tāna kai. He chewed his food slowly; Kua ngaua te ivi e te puakaoa. The dog gnawed the bone; Kua … Continue reading

ngau2

ngau2, n. An edible sea-slug, which ejects an inky liquid when disturbed. E ko‘i i te ngau mē ‘aere koe ki te rama. Collect the ngau when you go torch fishing; ‘E ‘āpa pūtē ngau tāku inapō. I got half … Continue reading

ngaue

ngaue, v.i. Make sudden involuntary movement, start, shake, sway, budge. Kua ngaue ‘aia i te ‘aruru‘anga te pupu‘i. He started when the gun went off; Kua ngaue te ‘are i te ‘aruru‘anga o te mangūngū. The house shook at the … Continue reading

ngaungau

ngaungau, (-a, -‘ia). Chew (continually), fq. ngau. Kua takoto te puakatoro ki raro ē kua ngaungau i tāna kai. The cow lay down and chewed the cud; Kua ngaungaua tā‘au kai? Did you chew up your food properly?; Kua pakapakakina … Continue reading

ngāvari

ngāvari, v.i. 1. Wobbly, unstable, loose (not firm). Kua ngāvari te poupou o teia ‘are. The posts of this house are loose; Kua ‘akaketaketa ‘aia i te pou o te ‘āua i te ngāvari‘anga te ‘āua. He firmed in the … Continue reading

nga‘ā

nga‘ā, v.i. 1. (a) Break, shatter, split, crack(ed). Kua nga‘ā te i‘o māramarama i te puta‘anga i te toka. The glass in the window shattered when the stone broke it. Kua motumotu ‘aia i te i‘o i te nga‘ā‘anga te … Continue reading

nga‘ae

nga‘ae, v.i. Rip, (be) torn; (a) tear. Kua nga‘ae tōku pona i tō māua pūtōtō‘anga. My shirt got torn when the two of us were tugging it; Kua mataku ‘aia i te pū‘āpi‘i i te nga‘ae‘anga te māpu iāia. He … Continue reading

nga‘anga‘ae

nga‘anga‘ae, v.i., fq. nga‘ae. Torn (in several places); rips. Kua nga‘anga‘ae tō‘ou kāka‘u nō te kanga i ta‘atai. You got your dress torn playing on the beach; Kāre koe e ‘akamā ana i te nga‘anga‘ae i tō‘ou kāka‘u? Aren’t you … Continue reading

nga‘oro

nga‘oro, v.i. Move or slide in a mass (of a landslide, flood water, collapsing building). Kua nga‘oro ‘ua te vai nā runga i te ‘enua. The water flooded over the land; Kua rūrū nga‘oro‘ia te ‘are e te ngaru. The … Continue reading

ngenengene

ngenengene. Fat (Ait. dial. = Rar. matū).

ngenge

ngenge, v.i. Numb, tingling (due to restricted circulation). Kua ngenge tōku rima i te tāki ‘ua‘anga ki runga. My hands were numb from keeping them held up; Kua peke te ngenge i tōku vaevae. The pins and needles have gone … Continue reading

ngengeti

ngengeti, see ngingiti.

ngere

ngere, v.i. 1. Lack, be short of, go without. Ka tauturu au iā koe mē ngere koe i te moni. I‘ll help you out when you are short of money; Ko Iehova toku tiaki, kare rava au e ngere (Ps.23.1). … Continue reading

ngiāo

ngiāo, 1. v.i. Mew. 2. Cat (Ait. dial. = Rar. kiorengiāo).

ngingiti, ngengeti

ngingiti, ngengeti, v.i. 1. Catch the breath (from sudden pain), gasp. ‘Ea‘a koe i ngingiti ei, kāre au e tāomi pakari ana? Why did you gasp, I‘m not pressing too hard, am I?; Kua ngingiti ‘aia i tōna ‘eke‘anga ki … Continue reading

ngiti1

ngiti1, rt. (See ngingiti, ngitingiti.)

ngitingiti

ngitingiti, v.i. 1. Gasp (fq. ngingiti). Kua ngitingiti te tamaiti nō te mamae i tōna ‘ē‘ē. The pain in his boil was making the boy gasp. 2. Stab, shoot, throb (of recurrent pain). Kua ngitingiti te mamae i tōku vaevae … Continue reading

ngo‘engo‘eā

ngo‘engo‘eā, v.i. 1. Weak, unthrifty, without vigour (of the growth (tupu) of plants). Kua maniua mātou i te pū kuru i te ngo‘engo‘eā‘anga te tupu. We manured the breadfruit tree when its growth began to fail; Kua ngo‘engo‘eā te tupu … Continue reading

ngōia, ngōio

ngōia, ngōio, n. Brown noddy (Anous stolidus). Kia pōpongi, kua rere te ngōia nā te moana i te kimi kai. In the morning, the noddy flew over the ocean looking for food; Kua tō te punua ngōia ki runga i … Continue reading

ngore

ngore, (-a, –‘ia), v.t. Cut close, cut very short (to leave a bare look), shave (head); crop, prune hard (leaves). ‘Auraka koe e ngore i tōna katu. Don’t clip his hair too close; Kua ngorea e Va‘ine te katu o … Continue reading

ngorengore

ngorengore, 1. (-a, -‘ia), fq. ngore. Cut close, shave off to leave looking bare, prune hard back. Kua ngorengorea te pū o te meika i te paria‘anga te ‘āriki. The trunk of the banana tree was left pruned bare when … Continue reading

ngororō

ngororō, v.i. Snore. ‘Ea‘a ‘aia i ngororō ei? Why is he snoring?; ‘E ‘apinga tika ai te ngororō ā‘au inapō. You were snoring like anything last night. [Pn. *„olo.]

ngoru

ngoru, v.i. 1. Weak (in the muscles), feeble, paralysed, crippled. Kāre mātou e ‘inangaro i te tangata ngoru kia piri mai kia mātou. We don’t want any weaklings (cripples) with us. 2. Lazy (‘Ātiu dial. = Rar. kōpē). [Ce. *„olu.]

ngote

ngote, (-a, -‘ia). 1. Suck, suck in, suck up, absorb. Kua ngote te punua puaka i te ū o tōna māmā. The piglet sucked its mother’s teat; E ngote i te vai ki va‘o i te taramu nā roto i … Continue reading

ngotengote

ngotengote, (-a, -‘ia), fq. ngote. Suck, suck up, evaporate . Kua ngotengote te pēpe i te ū o tōna māmā. The baby kept sucking its mother’s breast; Kua pou tāna raore i te ngotengote. He’s sucked away all his lolly; … Continue reading

ngunguru

ngunguru, v.i. Roar or growl angrily, snarl, utter a deep groan. Kua ngunguru ‘aere te riona nā roto i te vaorākau. The lion went roaring through the forest; Kua ngunguru te puakāoa i te kanga‘ia‘anga tāna punua. The dog snarled … Continue reading

ngurungururū

ngurungururū, v.i. Growl, rumble; fq. ngururū. Kua ngurungururū te puakāoa, kua riri. The dog’s growling, it’s angry. [ngururū RR.]

ngururū

ngururū, v.i. Growl, rumble, moan. Kua ‘oro te tamā‘ine i tōna rongo‘anga i te ngururū a te puakāoa. The girl ran away when she heard the dog’s growl; Kua ngururū ‘aia i roto i tāna moe. He moaned in his … Continue reading

ngutu

ngutu, n. 1. Lip(s). Kua to‘u kerekere tōna ngutu nō te pakari i te anu. His lips were blue it was so cold; ‘E tangata ngutu petetue tērā. That man has got thick lips; te ngutu i runga (Lev. 13.45), … Continue reading

ngutu‘are

ngutu‘are, n. Home, household. E no‘o koe ki te ngutu‘are, ko au tē ka ‘aere ki te tautai. You stay at home, I‘ll go out fishing; ‘E ākā ngutu‘are tangata tō‘ou. What a big household you have; E ‘aere koe … Continue reading

ngūtupa

ngūtupa, n. Door, doorway, gate(way), entrance. E nā te ngūtupa kōtou i muri i te tomo ki roto i te ‘are. Use the back door when you go into the house; Ko te ngūtupa tēia ki roto i tō mātou … Continue reading

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